Technology that saves Environment

Science- It has blessed us with many facilities but at the same time, it has become curse for environment. Such as air pollution, light pollution, radiation waves etc which are causing global warming and unseen killings of bees & bacteria.
Although! above mentioned things are negative ones but if we take a look on positive side, we will find it blessing. Science has developed a lot these days in accordance with environmental protection; new and advanced technologies are invented which contribute to the safe, secure and green environment. Such technologies are Hybrid engine; it is designed with advanced level of technology which exhausts zero smoke. And another technology which is contributing to the safe environment, is Solar Plant System.

Now, if we just take these two technologies as major contributor those save environment, we will find following advantages of these technologies; Hybrid engine works on chargeable battery & produce zero smoke- Smoke affects Ozone layers and destroys upper case of protection of the Planet Earth which causes direct entrance of Ultra Violet rays on the Earth- result in high temperature, damage the skin cells, explosion of fuel tanks, absorption of water etc. Secondly, Solar Plant System- people get sufficient with its capacity. Therefore, use it properly and punctually. Another advantage of Solar plant system is that it balances the usage whereas light does not so as a result, we face explosion, high degree temperature because of heated machinery etc.

Advantages of Solar Plant System (Source: Google)

-Once solar plants are installed, they produce energy without generating waste or pollution.
-A solar panel saves approx. 0.7 pounds of coal per kWh, or 2 pounds of carbon dioxide per kWh,
-Over it’s 35-year expected life, a 10 kWh system will provide CO2 reduction equivalent to planting 1450 trees. In comparison to a coal fired power plant, 10 kWh system will prevent emissions of 960,000 lbs carbon dioxide and 1400 lbs nitrogen oxides. It will produce 575,000 kilowatt hours of electricity, as much as would be generated by burning 583,000 lbs coal.

In the end, I would suggest that Science should take further steps in this regards to play vital role in the protection of the Planet Earth.

Steps should be:
-Replacement of Fuel Operating Machinery to Solar Plant System
-Advancement in Hybrid Invention-Ban of Fuel Consuming Vehicles (Hybrid Vehicles found to be more fuel efficient)
-Inflation in rate of Machinery which exhausts smoke

-NILESH LUHANA

Save Environment

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Biodiversity in Pakistan

Biodiversity– The variety of plant and animal life in the world exists; simply it represents the total variability of life forms on the earth (Genetic, Species & Ecosystem)

-Biodiversity is major source of maintaining environmental issues as well as economic condition of a country because it provides direct and indirect benefits in health, food & industry. It can be said as non-consumptive use values like Tourism & Scientific research and Support services to humanity like modify climatic extremes, cleaning and degrading wastes, recycling nutrients, regulating hydro-logical cycles, controlling diseases, pest control, pollination etc.

Everyone in the world depends on nature and ecosystem services to provide the conditions for a decent, healthy & secure life; mountain & polar, inland water (Rivers & other wetlands), cultivated, coastal, forest & woodlands, dry-lands, urban (Parks & gardens, marine and islands are beneficial and possess variety of qualities like food, fiber, fresh water, local climate regulation, creation, sediment retention, nutrient cycling, disease regulation and spiritual values etc.

Pakistan has great reservation of natural resources including; natural forest, natural gas, coal mines, gold mines, water canals/rivers, mountains etc but when bad things happen with good ones, everything goes into wrong direction- same in sense with Pakistan, it is facing many problems in regards to biodiversity such as population pressure increasing very quickly enhancing depletion of natural resources, no reliable database/documentation available, very few organizations are involved in resource conservation, and a very few trained human resources are available in Pakistan to manage.

Therefore, such issues are faced by biodiversity;

Forests/Rangelands- Commercial logging, over-exploitation for fuel & fodder, livestock grazing prevents regeneration, over grazing and conversion to agricultural lands.

Wildlife- Hunting & poaching and habitat shrinkage.

Marine Areas- Over fishing by trawlers, conversion for urbanization & agriculture and oil & industrial pollution.

Wetlands- Land clearance for housing and agriculture, water pollution from pesticides and industrial pollution. (Source-WWF Pakistan)

These problems/threats/issues can only be met by filling up biodiversity conservation gaps with; protected area network, coordination & institutional capacity, financial & human resources, policy improvement and political commitment.

Moreover, these options can be considered as plus points- integrate human need with conservation-ICD, involvement of women in NRM at community level, enhancement of public education & awareness about natural resources, update status of database regularly for better management, and conduct research on various aspects of biodiversity. (Source-WWF Pakistan)

WWF-Pakistan’s ultimate goal is to stop, and eventually reverse the accelerating degradation of Pakistan?s natural environment and to help build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.

(Make your ecological foot prints small & GREEN!)

-NILESH LUHANA

Biodiversity